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Bucharest finally became the permanent location of the Wallachian court after 1698 (starting with the reign of Constantin Brâncoveanu).
Partly destroyed by natural disasters and rebuilt several times during the following 200 years, and hit by Caragea's plague in 1813–14, the city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy (1716, 1737, 1789) and Imperial Russia (three times between 17).
It was placed under Russian administration between 1828 and the Crimean War, with an interlude during the Bucharest-centred 1848 Wallachian revolution.
Later, an Austrian garrison took possession after the Russian departure (remaining in the city until March 1857).
Tradition connects the founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, who was a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter, according to different legends.
In Romanian, the word stem bucurie means "joy" ("happiness"), Other etymologies are given by early scholars, including the one of an Ottoman traveler, Evliya Çelebi, who said that Bucharest was named after a certain "Abu-Kariș", from the tribe of "Bani-Kureiș".
In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom.
In January 1941, the city was the scene of the Legionnaires' rebellion and Bucharest pogrom.The city suffered a short period of Nazi Luftwaffe bombings, as well as a failed attempt by German troops to regain the city.After the establishment of communism in Romania, the city continued growing.From top, left to right: Colțea Hospital panorama • Romanian Athenaeum • Victory Avenue • Lipscani district, view towards Caru' cu bere and Stavropoleos Monastery • Palace of Justice • CEC Palace • National Bank of Romania • Floreasca park, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459.